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In our previous article we introduced the longest continuous railway line to you. It is in Russia and it spreads through almost 6,000 miles of railways that go through some of the most beautiful and varied scenery in the world, as well as through some wonderful historical cities. This is a short description of the cities you might enjoy along the Trans-Siberian route, mainly for their architecture, natural beauties around them and history while the natural beauties of the landscape you will just have to see in person.

Ekaterinburg

Ekaterinburg

Ekaterinburg

It was founded in 1721 by Catherine the Great to serve as a fort and a metallurgical factory due to its closeness to the mines in the Ural mountains. The town is nice, but there are not many sights, apart from the cathedral from the 18th century. Still, the historical significance is very prominent because this is the place where Czar Nicholas II was executed together with his family in 1918. This is one of the most famous events in the history of the country. The house where this happened is no longer there, but the place where it used to be is marked by a cross.

Irkutsk

Irkutsk city railway station

Irkutsk city railway station

Its position at the trade routes between China and Russia helped it become a rich trading center right after it was founded back in the 17th century. From that time on it has been the most important city of that part of the country. Its main attractions are related to its closeness to the Lake Baikal.

Khabarovsk

Khabarovsk

Khabarovsk

This was a military outpost in 1651, so it is no wonder it was built on the hills over the Amur River. In the 1800s it became an important trading center and has developed ever since only to become one of the most important cities of the Far East. The city itself is wonderful with wide boulevards, a beach, museum and great views.

Krasnoyarsk

Rock Feathers

Stolby Reserve near Krasnoyarsk

It was founded in 1628 as a trading post, but its growth was prompted by the discovery of gold in the region around it. Near it you can find the Stolby Reserve with strange columns of cliffs that are definitely worth seeing. As you cross the Yenisei River, you step into the taiga which is the biggest forest in the world.

Yaroslavl

Yaroslavl architecture

Yaroslavl

Founded by Yaroslav the Wise back in 1010, it is one of the oldest cities in Russia. It proved to be very important, by the 17th century becoming the second largest city in Russia after Moscow. Rich traders built churches and supported art, and all this made Yaroslavl one of the most beautiful cities. Luckily, hundreds of beautiful churches from that time are present even now.

Ulan Ude

Ivolginsky Datsan

Ivolginsky Datsan

Also founded in the 17th century, but very different from any other place in Russia, due to the fact that it is the center of the Buddhist Buryat culture and the entire Buddhism in Russia. Visiting Ivolginsky Datsan, a Tibetan Buddhist monastery that is considered to be the most important Buddhist site in Russia, is a must.

Vladivostok

Vladivostok

Vladivostok

Even though it is one of the youngest places on the list-founded in 1860- Vladivostok has had one of the most important historic roles. At first it was a military outpost, but its amazing natural port made it an important trading post as well. In the 1870s it became the headquarters of the Russian Pacific Fleet and in the next 40 years it became the center of international trade of the region. During the Soviet ruling, due to its military potential, it became closed to foreigners and even Russian citizens could enter only while having a special permission. It became open again in 1992 and now it is an important commercial center while still acting as the headquarters of the Russian Pacific Fleet. Now it is a lovely colourful city with numerous attractions and a stunning harbor.


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